The landscape of remote work in South Africa might be facing a significant shake-up due to proposed tax law changes from the National Treasury. These potential alterations could have far-reaching consequences for both remote workers and foreign companies operating in the country, potentially altering the attractiveness of South Africa as a remote work destination.
The suggested modifications, particularly to the Employee’s Tax Schedule of Income Tax, have prompted discussions among tax experts. If these changes come into effect, foreign employers would be compelled to register for and withhold Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE) to the South African Revenue Service (SARS), alongside making payments for UIF (Unemployment Insurance Fund) and Skills Development Levies.
Although these amendments might seem innocuous at first glance experts have voiced their concerns over their potential implications. While broadening SARS’ tax net could theoretically be beneficial for the economy, the reality is that these changes could discourage foreign employers from employing South African talent and might even lead to the discontinuation of employment contracts, ultimately adversely impacting the nation’s skills and location reputation.
Up until now, South Africa has been a favourable hub for remote work due to its relatively lower cost of living and appealing climate, offering remote workers the opportunity to earn in stronger foreign currencies. Yet, these new regulations would introduce tax compliance complexities and hurdles for the sector.
One of the primary concerns raised is the additional burden that foreign employers would face under these new requirements. The following steps would be mandatory for foreign employers:
- Implementation of payroll systems
- Registration for PAYE, UIF, and SDL (Skills Development Levies)
- Establishment of a branch company within South Africa
- Attaining a SARS income tax number
- Compliance with regulations of the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission (CIPC)
These measures could have a ripple effect, negatively impacting the overall attractiveness of South African talent as well as foreign employers’ ability to compensate South African workers in foreign currency.
The driving force behind these proposed changes remains unclear. It has been pointed out that remote workers and digital nomads are typically registered as provisional taxpayers and already pay income tax on their earnings. This raises the question of the necessity of these amendments.
However, the National Treasury has indicated that the motivation behind this amendment is to ensure equity between resident and non-resident employers. This would involve ensuring that all employers utilising South African talent contribute the standard 1% of an employee’s remuneration to UIF and SDL. The National Treasury also aims to improve revenue collection by requiring PAYE from foreign non-resident employers, as the collection of provisional income tax from remote workers is deemed unpredictable and challenging to enforce.
In essence, the convenient environment that remote workers and their foreign employers have enjoyed might soon undergo a significant transformation once these proposed changes are enacted. While these amendments are currently undergoing public commentary, there is a strong likelihood that they will be implemented, reshaping the remote work landscape in South Africa.
To navigate these forthcoming complexities, remote South African workers employed by foreign non-resident companies, commonly referred to as digital nomads, are advised to brace themselves for a period of adaptation. Similarly, foreign non-resident employers might consider seeking assistance from local companies providing Employer of Record Services to navigate these intricate requirements and ensure compliance.
As the remote work scene in South Africa prepares for these potential shifts, it’s essential for all stakeholders to remain vigilant and informed about the evolving tax landscape and its implications.